Beginners Guide To Learn App Development

App development is a very  essential skill to learn as a programmer, because there’s very high demand for it.

We all know that learning to code is difficult enough on its own but with App development it can be more complicated. Especially for those who have zero ideas in programming. Don’t be lost, here are  things to know before you start programming.

 You might have come up with a killer app idea and you’re ready to turn it into a reality and take it to mark but there’s just one problem: you don’t have a clue where to start! Worryless, that’s what we will be talking about.

When creating an Android app,some things are required before you begin which involves the SDK (Software Development Kit), an IDE (Integrated Development Environment) like Android Studio or Eclipse, the Java Software Development Kit (JDK) and a virtual device to test on. All this takes work to set up, and that’s before you’ve even started looking into things like Google Play Services, screen sizes, API levels and so on.

Today, I’ll provide an approachable guide to try and make the whole prospect of creating an app a little less daunting and I’ll also explain the bits you need to know and gloss over the rest and by the end you should have your already made app that you can start iterating on and experimenting with.

Before you rush into app development, here are some certain things you need to know and as well, bear in mind because they are very important you know them.

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Every app that has been developed had an idea. The idea might not come from the developer but apparently, came from someone who sat down to think carefully about the structure of the app.

It doesn’t need to be big, ground-breaking or clever. Just an idea is good enough.

The goal is to make the idea tangible in order to bring fine result.You need to  define how your app is going to work and what its features are going to be before you start developing the app.

A pen and a notepad is a good enough tool to sketch your app idea. Make some list of features, and see if the idea you came up with comes to life on paper.

While creating an idea, ask yourself these questions:

  1. What features can I leave out?
  2. Which feature is a unique selling point or money-maker?
  3. Are there any features that make my app bloated, or slow building it down?


  • Market Research


Market research is an essential tool to work on but it is often skipped by app developers, even though it’s an important part of making an app.

Doing market research before you make your app can save you from making a lot of mistakes early on. You validate assumptions and assess the needs of potential customers.

Ask yourself;

  1. What are alternative apps and competitors in the marketplace?
  2. What do potential customers want? What are their needs and desires?
  3. How much should I charge for my app? What’s a good business model?

After that, you need to know the two types of market research that are especially helpful and they are;

  1. Finding out what mistakes your competitors are making.
  2. Finding out if people are looking for an app like yours.

When that is finally done, you’re some steps away from accomplishing your goal.

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  • Create Mockups Of Your App


It is advisable to Create Mockups Of Your App before you start fully. Although, a mockup is a rough sketch of your app’s layout, user interfaces (UIs) and flow.

A mockup shows you what an app looks like, without distracting you with unnecessary details. It’s a functional instead of aesthetic approach to your app’s design.

Mockups don’t include:

  1. Fine-grained UI elements
  2. Exact positioning of UI elements
  3. Complex color schemes and effects

When you’re making an app for a client or employer, creating a mockup is a good opportunity to show them the end result before building the app. You can guide them through the UI, by using the mockups, and help them see and imagine the complete app.


  • Build Your App Landing Page


As an app developer you want to create a connection between you and a prospect customer, to let a conversation hapsection.

Your app’s page needs the following components:

  1. A clear headline at the top of the page
  2. A brief introductory paragraph or explainer video
  3. An app screenshot or iPhone mockup
  4. A call to action, i.e. to sign up or install the app
  5. A breakdown of app features and benefits
  6. A story about the app’s creators, or an “About Us” section


  • Use Xcode And Swift To Make The App


Swift is a powerful and intuitive programming language, and it’s the default programming language to build iOS, macOS, iPadOS, tvOS and watchOS apps. If you’re learning iOS development today, I recommend you learn Swift instead.

Xcode IDE includes a project manager, code editor, built-in documentation, debugging tools, and Interface Builder, a tool you use to create your app’s user interface. Everything you need to make an iOS app!

Note: Xcode only runs on macOS, so you’ll need access to a Mac computer if you want to make iOS apps.

Here’s a quick tools for building iOS apps:

  1. Xcode, Interface Builder, Swift and SwiftUI for iOS development
  2. Balsamiq Mockups and Sketch for graphic design and UI/UX
  3. CocoaPods and libraries like Alamofire, SwiftyJSON and MBProgressHUD
  4. Firebase, Parse Platform, Realm and Core Data for storage and databases
  5. Fastlane automates your app publishing workflow (among other things)
  6. PaintCode turns your visually designed UI elements into working Swift code
  7. The Apple Developer Documentation has super helpful articles, tutorials and documentation on pretty much every iOS component
  8. TestFlight is the default platform to beta test your app (see below), and with it you can distribute your app to up to 10.000 devices.


  • Launch Your App In The App Store


Now that you’ve built the app with the available tools I recommended, I am sure your app is ready, it is time to launch it in the App Store.

The process to publish your app in the App Store is straightforward:

  1. Register for an Apple Developer Account
  2. Prepare your app’s title and meta data with App Store Connect
  3. Upload your latest app build to the App Store with Xcode
  4. Apple reviews your app, following the App Store Review Guidelines
  5. When your app is approved, it’s published live in the App Store
  6. DONE! People can now download and install your app.


You also need to promote your app. As an entrepreneur, you need to. I recommend you start promoting your app before you launch it. You generate some buzz before you launch, so you hit the ground running when you actually launch.


Good luck!

Written by Johnny

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